Bathroom exhaust fans play a vital role in keeping rooms healthy and pleasant. They minimize the accumulation of mold by diverting excess moisture outside of the room. It reduces the risk of asthma attacks, allergic reactions, and lung infections for those particularly sensitive to mold spores. Moreover, many homeowners commonly use bathroom cleaners with strong fumes. Bathroom exhaust fans keep the impact of such fumes to a minimum.
Additionally, too much moisture within a space compromises aesthetic elements such as paint and wallpaper. Inadequate ventilation of a room can even cause its doors to warp over time. Thus, using a fan to control the humidity of a bathroom ultimately preserves its overall appearance.
However, the effectiveness of the best bathroom exhaust fan in fulfilling this role depends on the location of the unit. Careful consideration before installing a new fan helps homeowners avoid the hassle of repairing useless holes made in walls or ceilings due to poor planning. It also saves thousands of dollars in mold remediation costs from poor ductwork or weak fan performance.
Furthermore, specific features and model ratings limit the placement possibilities of some bathroom exhaust fans because of safety concerns.
Things to Consider When Deciding Where to Install a Bathroom Exhaust Fan
1.) Where is the moisture most concentrated?
Some bathroom exhaust fans design for wall mounting. Others are ceiling mounted. In either case, placing the unit as high off the ground as possible optimizes performance because hot air, humidity, and odors tend to travel upward. Bathroom exhaust fans work best when installed directly above areas that collect the most moisture.
Unsurprisingly, bathtubs and showers produce the highest amount of humidity. Therefore, installing the unit near these fixtures ensures the bathroom empties of excess moisture as quickly as possible. It reduces the risk of mold growth, peeling paint, and warped doors since damp, humid air promote such destructive conditions. In many cases, it is possible to install a bathroom exhaust fan directly over a bathtub or shower area.
However, the unit must have wiring that connects to a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter and is rated for use in bathing areas. It is important to note that models equipped with heaters pose an electrocution risk when installing directly above a shower. The optimal location for fans with heating capability is right outside the shower where users will dry themselves.
Fortunately, most bathroom exhaust fans function just fine without being located directly above bathing fixtures. In bathrooms with both a standalone tub and separate shower base, placing an exhaust fan between the two installations dramatically improves its efficiency in venting excess moisture. Bathrooms with different bathing fixtures require proper ventilation in both the core bathroom area near the toilet and the area in which the tub or shower is located. Bathroom exhaust fans in small powder rooms should sit directly above the toilet.
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2.) What is the best ductwork path?
An ideal location for a bathroom exhaust fan is the area that allows for the least complicated path between the duct and roof or wall vent. Lengthy ductwork paths only hinder the fan’s ability to exhaust moisture efficiently. Too many bends in the ductwork restrict air flow. A straightforward route with a distance of six feet between the fan and exterior vent cap enables the unit to vent moist air without accumulating an excessive amount of condensation within the duct. Insulation is essential to combat condensation in ducts that run through spaces without temperature controls.
How to direct ductwork path
The direction of the ductwork path also determines the quality of the fan’s performance. Two types of ductwork path configurations are used for a bathroom fan. They are: Vertical path and horizontal path.
What’s about Vertical Ductwork Path Configuration?
Vertical paths tend to facilitate better the process of directing air flow outdoors than other configurations. Nonetheless, caution is necessary when terminating a duct through a roof surface. Penetrating a roof too much increases its likelihood of developing leaks that can compromise structural integrity and invite mold accumulation within interior spaces. Homeowners should avoid removing shingles to terminate bathroom exhaust ducts to maintain the roof’s ability to resist leaks. On the other hand, terminations through warped ridge vents redirect condensation into ceilings. Snow can also obstruct air flow from the ridge vent.
What’s about Horizontal Ductwork Path Set Up?
There is minimal risk involved in terminating ducts through wall gables in a horizontal path. However, terminations through soffits require specific vent caps to prevent unwanted pests like rodents from gaining access to the building. These vent caps open on their own using pressure released from a bathroom exhaust fan that is in use. The vents close when the fan turns off, which prevents back drafts. Experts recommend using solid metal ductwork when terminating the duct through a soffit. It allows air to flow with the least amount of resistance. Though not as optimal for air flow, flexible metal ductwork and plastic ducts will suffice.
- Terminating the duct through a wall under a soffit is not ideal because it can encourage moisture to collect beneath the eave overhang. Also, venting a bathroom exhaust fan into an attic, ceiling, wall cavity, or crawlspace inevitably leads to extensive mold infestations. It is best to avoid this at all costs by choosing a location for the fan that has the most direct ventilation route to the outdoors.
- Another thing to consider when deciding where to terminate bathroom exhaust ductwork is wind direction. Choosing a termination point with the least amount of direct wind exposure minimizes the risk of back drafts.
Related Article: How to Replace A Bathroom Fan
3.) How will the attic configuration, water heater, and window affect the location of the bathroom exhaust fan?
Attics with plumbing vent pipes and electrical boxes require special consideration when determining the best location for a bathroom exhaust fan. These structures may restrict ductwork route options. Gas fired water heaters also impose limits on ductwork routing because their vents require one foot to seven feet of clearance from separate terminations. Installing a bathroom exhaust fan parallel to a joist bay ensures its stability. It is also critical to make sure that there is enough clearance in the attic to connect the fan housing to the duct. Putting ten feet of distance between the bathroom exhaust fan and the nearest operable window prevents the unit from taking in unpleasant outdoor odors. Lastly, it is essential to install the fan in a location that allows it to face the outlet.
Before taking on the installation of a new bathroom exhaust fan, homeowners will need to carefully consider all of these factors before making a single cut in their bathroom ceiling or wall. It saves time and money in the long run. It also optimizes fan performance. A little planning upfront results in a healthy, odor-free bathroom space that maintains its value over time.
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